This appendix standardizes air-=
surface-to-air, and air-to-surface brevity code words. The scope is limited=
those brevity codes used in multiservice operations and does not include wo=
unique to single service operations. While these codes are not authoritativ=
nature, all services agree to their meanings. Using the codes eases
coordination and improves understanding during multiservice operations. The
codes are intended for use by air and ground operations personnel at the
tactical level. Code words that are followed by an asterisk (*) may differ =
meaning from NATO usage.
ABORT (ING)( ED) Directive/ informative call to cease
action/ attack/ event/ mission.
ACTION Directive to initiate a briefed attack sequen=
ACTIVE An emitter is radiating.
ADD () Directive call to add a specific (system) or
(electronic order of battle (EOB)category) to search responsibility.
ALARM Directive/ informative call indicating the
termination of emission control(EMCON) procedures.
ALLIGATOR Link-11/ tactical digital information link
ALPHA CHECK Request for/ confirmation of bearing and=
to described point.
ANCHOR (ED) 1. Orbit about a specific point; refueli=
track flown by tanker.2. Informative call to indicate a turning engagement
about a specific location.
ANGELS Height of friendly aircraft in thousands of f=
ARIZONA No antiradiation missile (ARM) ordnance rema=
AS FRAGGED Unit or element will be performing exactl=
stated by the air tasking order(ATO).
AUTHENTICATE To request or provide a response for a =
AUTOCAT Any communications relay using automatic
AZIMUTH Two or more groups primarily separated in be=
BANDIT An aircraft identified as enemy, in accordanc=
theater ID criteria. The termdoes not necessarily imply direction or author=
BANZAI Informative call or directive to execute laun=
BASE (Number) Reference number used to indicate such
information as headings, altitude, andfuels.
BEAD WINDOW Last transmission potentially disclosed
BEAM (ING) Target stabilized within 70 to 110 degree
aspect; generally (Direction)given with cardinal directions: east, west, no=
BENT System indicated is inoperative.
BINGO 1. Fuel state needed for recovery.2. Proceed/ =
proceeding to specificed base (field) or carrier.
BIRD Friendly surface-to-air missile (SAM). <=
BIRD(S) AFFIRM Surface to Air (S/ A) informative call
indicating unit is able and prepared to engage a specified target with SAMs
(presumes target is within or will enter the SAM engagement envelope).
BIRD(S) AWAY Friendly SAM has been fired at designat=
BIRD(S) NEGAT S/ A informative call indicating unit =
unable to engage a specified target withSAMs. Opposite of BIRD( S) AFFIRM. =
BITTERSWEET Notification of possible BLUE ON BLUE
situation relative to a designated track orfriendly aircraft.
BLANK A suppression of enemy air defenses (SEAD) air=
does not detect any emitters ofinterest.
BLIND No visual contact with friendly aircraft/ grou=
position; opposite of VISUAL.
BLOW THROUGH Directive/ informative call that indica=
aircraft will continue straight ahead at the merge and not turn with target/
BOGEY A radar or visual air contact whose identity is
BOGEY DOPE Request for target information as briefed/
BOX Groups/ contacts/ formations in a square or offs=
square. FM 101-5-1 MCRP 5-2A
BRAA Tactical control format providing target bearin=
range, altitude, and aspect, relative to a friendly aircraft.
BRACKET Indicates geometry where friendly aircraft w=
maneuver to a position on opposing sides, either laterally or vertically fr=
BREAK (Direction) Directive to perform an immediate
maximum performance turn in the direction indicated; assumes a defensive
BREAKAWAY Tanker or receiver directive call indicati=
immediate vertical and nose/ tail separation between tanker and receiver is
BREVITY Radio frequency is becoming saturated, degra=
or jammed and briefer transmissions must follow.
BROADCAST Request/ directive to switch to broadcast
BROKE LOCK Loss of radar/ infrared (IR) lock-on
BRUISER Friendly air-launched antishipmissile (ASM) =
example, HARPOON, EXOCET, PENGUIN).
BUDDY LOCK Locked to a known friendly aircraft; norm=
response to a SPIKE or BUDDY SPIKE call and accompanied with position/ head=
BUDDY SPIKE Friendly aircraft air-to-air indication =
radar warning receiver (RWR); to be followed by position/ heading/ altitude=
BUGOUT Separation from that particular engagement/ a=
operation; no intent to (Direction) re-engage/ return.
BULLDOG Friendly surface/ submarine-launched ASM (for
example, HARPOON, EXOCET, OTOMAT).
BULLSEYE An established point from which the positio=
an object can be referenced; made by cardinal/ range or digital format.
BUMP/ BUMP-UP A fly-up to acquire line of sight (LOS=
the target or laser designation.
BURN GLINT used to provide illumination.
BUSTER Directive call to fly at maximum continuous s=
BUZZER Electronic communications jamming.
CANDYGRAM Informative call to aircraft that EW targe=
information is available on a briefed secure net.
CAP/CAPPING 1. Directive call to establish an orbit =
specified location. (Location) 2. An orbit at a specified location. =
CAPTURED Aircrew has identified and is able to track=
specified air-to-ground (A/ G) target with an onboard sensor.
CEASE In air defense, break the engagement on the ta=
specified. Missiles in flight ENGAGEMENT will continue to intercept.
CEASE FIRE Do not open fire or discontinue firing;
complete intercept if weapons are in flight; continue to track.
GNE An attack of three distinct groups with two in front and =
CHATTERMARK Begin using briefed radio procedures to
counter communications jamming.
CHEAPSHOT 1. (USAF) Active missile supported to high=
repetition frequency (HPRF), but not medium pulse repetition frequency (MPR=
2. (Naval) Active missile not supported to active range.
CHECK Turn ( ) degrees left or right and maintain new
heading. (Left/ Right)
CHERUBS Height of a friendly aircraft in hundreds of=
CHICKS Friendly aircraft.
CLEAN 1. No radar contacts on aircraft of interest. =
visible battle damage 3. Aircraft not carrying external stores.
CLEARED Requested action is authorized (no engaged/ =
roles are assumed).
CLEARED HOT Ordnance release is authorized. <=
CLOAK Directive/ informative call to switch from nor=
external lighting to covert night vision device (NVD) only compatible light=
CLOSING Decreasing in range.
COLD 1. Attack geometry will result in a pass or rol=
behind the target. 2. On a leg of the combat air patrol (CAP) pointed away =
the anticipated threats. 3. Group( s) heading away from friendly aircraft. =
COLOR Request for information on a (system) at stated
location; usually a request for (System/ Position) ambiguity resolution. Ma=
used with improved data modem (IDM) data message--COLOR, DATA.
COMEOFF Directive to maneuver as indicated to either
regain mutual support or to (Left/ Right/ deconflict flight paths for an
exchange of engaged and supporting roles; Low/ Dry) implies both VISUAL and
COMMIT(TED) Fighter intent to engage/ intercept;
controller continues to provide information.
CONFETTI Chaff lane or corridor.
CONS/CONNING THREAT/ BOGEY aircraft leaving contrail=
CONTACT 1. Sensor contact at the stated position. 2.
Acknowledges sighting of a specified reference point.
CONTINUE Continue present maneuver; does not imply
clearance to engage or expend ordnance.
CONTINUE DRY Ordnance release not authorized.
COVER (ING)* 1. Directive/ informative call to take =
action or establish an air-to-air (A/ A) posture that will allow engagement=
a specified target or threat.
CRANK F-pole maneuver; implies illuminating target at
radar gimbal limits. (Direction)
CUTOFF Request for, or directive to, intercept using
CYCLOPS Any unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV).
DASH (#) Aircraft position within a flight. Use if
specific call sign is unknown.
DATA Standby for IDM data message concerning (object=
DEADEYE Informative call by an airborne laser design=
indicating the laser/ IR system is inoperative.
DECLARE Inquiry as to the identification of a specif=
track( s), target( s), or correlated group.
DEFENSIVE Aircraft is in a defensive position and
maneuvering with reference to the (SPIKE/ Missile/ stated condition. SAM/ M=
DE-LOUSE Directive to detect and identify unknown ai=
trailing friendly aircraft.
DEPLOY Directive to maneuver to briefed positioning.=
DIVERT Proceed to alternate mission or base. =
DOLLY Link-4A/ TADIL C.
DRAG (ING) 1. (USAF) Target stabilized at 0 to 60 de=
aspect. (Direction) 2. (Naval) Target stabilized at 120 to 180 degrees aspe=
DROP (ING) 1. Directive/ informative call to stop
monitoring a specified emitter/ target and resume search responsibilities. =
Remove the emitter/ target from tactical picture/ track stores.
DUCK* Tactical air-launched decoy (TALD).
ECHELON Groups/ contacts/ formation with wingman dis=
approximately 45 degrees behind leader's 3/ 9 line.
ECHO Positive SEESAW/ electronic warfare weapons sys=
(EWWS)/ System M/ Mode X reply.
ENGAGED Maneuvering with the intent to kill; this im=
visual/ radar acquisition of target.
ESTIMATE Provides estimate of the size, range, heigh=
other parameter of a specified contact; implies degradation.
EXTEND Short-term maneuver to gain energy, distance,=
separation; normally with the (Direction) intent of re-engaging.
EYEBALL () 1. Fighter with primary visual identifica=
responsibility. 2. Electro-optical (EO)/ IR/ NVD acquisition of an aircraft.
Normally followed by ( ) number of aircraft observed.
FADED Radar contact is lost. (Termination of track
plotting is not warranted.)
FAST* Target speed is estimated to be 600 knots grou=
speed/ Mach 1 or greater.
FATHER Tactical air navigation (TACAN) station.
FEET WET/ DRY Flying over water/ land.
FENCE (IN/ OUT) Set cockpit switches as appropriate =
to entering/ exiting the combat area.
FLANK (ING) 1. (USAF) Target with a stable aspect of=
to 150 degrees. 2. (Naval) Target with stable aspect of 30 to 60 degrees. <=
FLASH (System) Temporarily turn on prebriefed
identification, friend or foe (IFF) mode or system.
FLOAT Directive/ informative call to expand the form=
laterally within visual limits to maintain a radar contact or prepare for a
FOX (Number) Simulated/ actual launch of air-to-air
weapons. ONE -semiactive radar-guided missile. TWO -infrared-guided missile.
THREE -active radar-guided missile.
FOX MIKE Very high frequency (VHF)/ frequency modula=
FRIENDLY A positively identified friendly contact. <=
FURBALL A turning fight involving multiple aircraft =
known BANDITS and FRIENDLIES mixed.
GADGET Radar or emitter equipment.
GATE Directive/ informative call to fly as quickly as
possible, using afterburner/ maximum power.
GIMBAL Radar target is approaching azimuth or elevat=
GO ACTIVE Go to briefed Have Quick net.
GO CLEAR Use unencrypted voice communications.
GOGGLE/ Directive/ informative call to put on/ take =
GORILLA Large force of indeterminate numbers and
GO SECURE Use encrypted voice communications.
GRANDSLAM All HOSTILE aircraft of a designated track=
against which a mission was tasked) are shot down.
GREEN (Direction) Direction determined to be cleares=
enemy air-to-air activity.
GREYHOUND Friendly ground attack cruise missile (for=
Tomahawk Land Attack Missile (TLAM) and Conventional Air-launched Cruise
GROUP Radar targets within approximately 3 nautical =
(NMs) of each other.
GUNS An air-to-air or air-to-surface gunshot.
HARD (Direction) High-G, energy-sustaining turn.
HEAD/ 1. (USAF) Target with an aspect of 160 to 180
degrees. HEAD ON 2. (Naval) Target with an aspect of 0 to 20 degrees.
HEADS UP Alert of an activity of interest.
HEAVY* A group or package known to contain three or =
HIGH* Between 25,000 and 40,000 feet mean sea level =
HIT (S) 1. Air-to-air (A/ A) Momentary radar returns
search. (Indicates approximate altitude information from fighter.) 2.
Air-to-ground (A/ G) Weapons impact within lethal distance.
HOLD DOWN Directive to key transmitter for
direction-finding (DF) steer.
HOLDING HANDS Aircraft in visual formation. <=
HOLD FIRE An emergency fire control order used to st=
firing on a designated target, to include destruction of any missiles in
HOME PLATE Home airfield or carrier.
HOOK (Left/ Right) Directive to perform an in-place
HOSTILE* A contact identified as enemy upon which
clearance to fire is authorized in accordance with theater rules of engagem=
HOT 1. Attack geometry will result in rollout in fro=
the target. 2. On a leg of the CAP pointing toward the anticipated threats.=
Group heading towards friendly aircraft; opposite of COLD. 4. Ordnance
employment intended or completed.
HOTDOG Informative/ directive call that an aircraft =
approaching or at a specified standoff distance from the sovereign airspace=
a nation (as defined by national boundaries or territorial sea and airspace=
(COLOR may indicate additional standoff distance.) Follow briefed procedure=
HOTEL FOX High frequency (HF) radio.
HUSKY (Naval) Air Intercept Missile (AIM)-120 suppor=
HPRF active range; same as USAF CHEAPSHOT.
ID 1. Directive to identify the target. 2. Identific=
accomplished, followed by type.
IN (Direction) Informative call indicating a turn to=
aspect relative to a THREAT/ TARGET.
INDIA Mode IV.
INTERROGATE Interrogate the designated contact of th=
JACKAL Surveillance network participating group (NPG=
Link 16/ TADIL J.
JOKER* Fuel state above BINGO at which separation/ b=
event termination should begin.
JUDY Aircrew has radar/ visual contact on the correct
target, has taken control of the intercept, and only requires situation
awareness information. Controller will minimize radio transmissions.
KILL 1. Clearance to fire. 2. In training, a fighter=
to indicate kill criteria have been fulfilled.
KNOCK IT OFF Directive to cease air combat maneuvers/
LADDER Three or more groups/ contacts in range.
LASER ON Directive to start laser designation.
LEAD-TRAIL Tactical formation of two contacts within=
group separated in range or following one another.
LEAKER (S) Airborne threat has passed through a defe=
layer. Call should include amplifying information.
LINE ABREAST Two contacts within a group side by sid=
LIGHTS ON/ OFF Directive to turn on/ off exterior li=
OPERATIONAL TERMS AND GRAPHICS
LOCKED Final radar lock-on; sort is not assumed. (BR=
LOST CONTACT Radar contact lost. (DROP track is
LOST LOCK Loss of radar/ IR lock-on (advisory).
LOW* Target altitude below 10,000 feet above ground =
MAGNUM Launch of friendly antiradiation missile.
MAPPING Multifunction radar in an A/ G mode. =
MARKING Friendly aircraft leaving contrails. =
MARSHAL (ING) Establish( ed) at a specific point. =
MEDIUM* Target altitude between 10,000 feet AGL and =
MERGE (D) 1. Information that friendlies and targets=
arrived in the same visual arena. 2. Call indicating radar returns have come
MICKEY Have Quick Time-of-Day (TOD) signal. <=
MIDNIGHT Informative call advising that C functions =
longer available; opposite of 2 SUNRISE.
MONITOR Maintain radar awareness on or assume
responsibility for specified group.
MOTHER Parent ship.
MUD Indicates RWR ground threat displayed followed by
clock position and type. (Type/ Direction)
MUSIC Electronic radar jamming. (On air interdiction=
radar, electronic deceptive jamming.)
NAILS Radar warning receiver indication of AI radar =
search. Add clock position/ azimuth, if known.
NAKED No RWR indications.
NEW PICTURE Used by controller or aircrew when tacti=
picture has changed. Supersedes all previous calls and re-establishes pictu=
for all players.
NO FACTOR Not a threat.
NO JOY Aircrew does not have visual contact with the
TARGET/ BANDIT/ landmark; opposite of TALLY.
NOTCH All aspect missile defensive maneuver to place
threat radar/ missile on the beam. (Direction)
OFF (Direction) Informative call indicating attack is
terminated and maneuvering to the indicated direction.
OFFSET Informative call indicating maneuver in a spe=
direction with reference to (Direction) the target.
ON STATION Informative call unit/ aircraft has reach=
OPENING Increasing in range.
OUT (Direction) Informative call indicating a turn t=
cold aspect relative to the threat; opposite of IN.
OUTLAW Informative call that a bogey has meet point =
PACKAGE Geographically isolated collection of groups/
PADLOCKED Informative call indicating aircrew cannot=
eyes off an aircraft or a surface position without risk of losing TALLY/
PAINT (S) Interrogated group/ radar contact that is
responding with any of the specified IFF modes and correct codes established
for the ID criteria.
PARROT IFF transponder.
PICTURE Provide tactical situation status pertinent =
PIGEONS Magnetic bearing and range to HOMEPLATE (or
specified destination). (Location)
PINCE/ PINCER Threat maneuvering for a bracket attac=
PITBULL 1. Informative call AIM-120 is at MPRF active
range. 2. AIM-54 at active range.
PLAYMATE Cooperating aircraft.
PLAYTIME Amount of time aircraft can remain on stati=
POGO Switch to communication channel number preceding
POGO. If unable to establish comunications, switch to channel number follow=
POGO. If no channel number follows POGO, return to this channel.
POP Starting climb for air-to-surface attack.
POPEYE Flying in clouds or area of reduced visibilit=
POPUP Informative call of a contact that has suddenly
appeared inside of meld/ CCR/ briefed range.
POSIT Request for position; response in terms of a
geographic landmark, or off a common reference point.
POST ATTACK Directive transmission to indicate desir=
direction after completion of (Direction) intercept/ engagement.
POST HOLE Rapid descending spiral.
PRESS Directive to continue the attack; mutual suppo=
will be maintained. Supportive role will be assumed.
PRINT (Type) Unambiguous noncooperative target recog=
PUMP A briefed maneuver to low aspect to stop closur=
the threat or geographical boundary with the intent to re-engage.
PURE Informative call indicating pure pursuit is bei=
used or directive to go pure pursuit.
PUSH (Channel) Go to designated frequency. No
PUSHING Departing designated point.
PUSHING Informative call that said group( s) have tu=
cold and will continue to be (Group Description) monitored.
RANGE* Two or more groups separated primarily in dis=
along the same bearing.
RAYGUN Indicates a radar lock-on to unknown aircraft=
request for a BUDDY SPIKE (Position/ Heading/ reply from friendly aircraft
meeting these parameters (to prevent fratricide). Altitude)
REFERENCE Directive to assume stated heading. (Direc=
REPORTED Identification of an object or a contact by=
intelligence system. (Type)
RESET Proceed to a prebriefed position or area of
RESUME Resume last formation/ station/ mission order=
RETROGRADE Directive to withdraw from present positi=
area of operation in response to a threat.
RIDER A BOGEY that is conforming with safe passage
routing/ airspeed/ altitude procedures.
RIFLE Air-to-ground missile (AGM)-65 Maverick launch=
RIPPLE Two or more munitions released or fired in cl=
ROLEX (+/-Time) Time-line adjustment in minutes from
planned mission execution time. (Plus means later; minus means earlier). =
ROPE Illumination of an aircraft with an IR pointer.=
SADDLED Informative call from wingman/ element indic=
the return to briefed formation position.
SAM (Direction) Visual acquisition of a SAM or SAM l=
should include position.
SANDWICHED A situation where an aircraft/ element is
positioned between opposing aircraft/ elements.
SAUNTER Fly at best endurance.
SCRAM Emergency directive to egress for defensive or
survival reasons. (Direction)
SCRAMBLE Takeoff as quickly as possible.
SCUD Any threat tactical/ theater ballistic missile =
SEPARATE Leave a specific engagement; may or may not
SHACKLE One WEAVE, a single crossing of flight paths;
maneuver to adjust/ regain formation parameters.
SHADOW Follow indicated target.
SHIFT Directive to shift laser illumination. =
SHOOTER Aircraft/ unit designated to employ ordnance=
SHOTGUN Prebriefed weapons state at which SEPARATION/
BUGOUT should begin.
SKATE Informative call/ directive to execute launch =
SKIP IT Veto of fighter COMMIT, usually followed with
SKOSH Aircraft is out of or unable to employ active =
SKUNK A radar or visual maritime surface contact who=
identity is unknown.
SLAPSHOT Directive for an aircraft to employ a
range-unknown high-speed antiradiation (Type/ Bearing) missile (HARM) again=
specified threat at the specified bearing.
SLIDE Directive call to high value airborne asset (H=
to continue present mission while extending range from target in response to
SLOW* Target with a ground speed of 300 knots or les=
SMASH Directive to turn on/ off anticollision lights=
SMOKE Smoke marker used to mark a position. <=
SNAKE Directive to oscillate an IR pointer about a t=
SNAP (Direction) An immediate vector to the group
SNIPER Directive for an aircraft to employ a range-k=
HARM against a specified threat at the specified location.
SNOOZE Directive/ informative call indicating initia=
of EMCON procedures.
SORT Directive to assign responsibility within a gro=
criteria can be met visually, electronically (radar), or both.
SORTED Sort responsibility has been met.
SOUR 1. Equipment indicated is operating inefficient=
Invalid response to an administrative IFF check. (Opposite of SWEET.)
SPADES An integrated group/ radar contact which lack=
ATO (or equivalent) IFF modes and codes required for the ID criteria.
SPARKLE Target marking by IR pointer; target marking=
gunship or forward air controller (airborne) (FAC-A) using incendiary round=
SPIKE RWR indication of an AI threat in track, launc=
unknown mode; include bearing, clock position, and threat type, if known. <=
SPIN Directive/ informative call to execute a prebri=
timing/ spacing maneuver.
SPITTER An aircraft that has departed from the engag=
or is departing the engaged (Direction) fighters' targeting responsibility.=
SPLASH 1. (A/ A) Target destroyed. 2. (A/ G) Weapons
SPLIT An informative call that a flight member is le=
information to engage a threat; visual may not be maintained.
SPOOFING Informative call that voice deception is be=
SPOT* Acquisition of laser designation.
SQUAWK ( ) Operate IFF as indicated or IFF is operat=
SQUAWKING An informative call denoting a bogey is
responding with an IFF mode (#).
STACK Two or more groups/ contacts/ formations with a
high/ low altitude separation in relation to each other.
STATUS Request for tactical situation.
STEADY Directive to stop oscillation of IR pointer. =
STEER Set magnetic heading indicated.
STERN Request for, or directive to, intercept using =
STINGER Within a group, a formation of three or more
aircraft with a single aircraft in trail.
STOP Stop IR illumination of a target.
STRANGER Unidentified traffic that is not associated=
the action in progress.
STRANGLE ( ) Turn off equipment indicated.
STRIP Individual fighter/ section is leaving the for=
to pursue separate attacks.
STRIPPED Informative call from wingman/ element indi=
out of briefed formation/ position.
STROBE Radar indications of noise jamming.
SUNSHINE Directive or informative call indicating
illumination of target is being conducted with artificial illumination.
SUNRISE Informative call that C functions are availa=
2.(opposite of MIDNIGHT).
SWEET 1. Equipment indicated is operating efficientl=
Valid response to an administrative IFF check. (Opposite of sour.) <=
SWITCH (ED) Indicates an attacker is changing from o=
aircraft to another.
TACTICAL Request/ directive to switch to tactical co=
TAG (system Known identification of a specific (syst=
the stated location; may be used w/ position) with IDM data message, (for
example, TAG DATA).
TALLY Sighting of a TARGET, BANDIT, BOGEY, or enemy
position; opposite of NO JOY.
TARGET ( ) Directive to assign group responsibility =
aircraft in a flight.
TARGETED ( ) Group responsibility has been met.
TEN SECONDS Directive to terminal controller to stan=
for LASER ON call in approximately 10 seconds.
TERMINATE 1. Stop laser illumination of a target. 2.=
local engagement without affecting the overall exercise.
THREAT Untargeted HOSTILE/ BANDIT/ BOGEY within preb=
range/ aspect of a (Direction) friendly.
THROTTLES Reduction in power to decrease IR signatur=
TIED Positive radar contact with element/ aircraft. =
TIGER Enough fuel and ordnance to accept a COMMIT. <=
TIMBER Air control NPG of Link 16/ TADIL J. <=
TRACKING 1. Stabilized gun solution. 2. Continuous
illumination of a target. 3. Contact heading.
TRAILER* The last aircraft within a group( s).
TRASHED Informative call that missile has been defea=
TRESPASS The addressed flight is entering a S/ A thr=
ring of a specific system at the stated (Position) location.
TUMBLEWEED Indicates limited situational awareness; =
JOY, BLIND; a request for information.
UNABLE Cannot comply as requested/ directed. =
UNIFORM Ultrahigh frequency (UHF) radio.
VAMPIRE Hostile antiship missile (ASM).
VERY HIGH* Above 40,000 feet MSL.
VIC Three groups, contacts, or formations with the s=
closest in range and two contacts, azimuth split, in trail.
VICTOR VHF/ amplitude modulation (AM) radio. =
VISUAL Sighting of a friendly aircraft/ ground posit=
opposite of BLIND.
WALL Three or more groups or contacts primarily spli=
WARNING (color) Hostile attack is- RED imminent or in
progress. YELLOW probable. WHITE improbable (all clear).
WEAPONS ( ) Fire only- FREE at targets not identifie=
friendly in accordance with current rules of engagement (ROE). TIGHT at tar=
positively identified as hostile in accordance with current ROE. HOLD* (USA,
USMC) in self-defense or in response to a formal order. SAFE (USN) NOTE: USN
and NATO use WEAPONS SAFE to avoid confusion with the phrase HOLD FIRE.
WEEDS Indicates that fixed-wing aircraft are operati=
below 2,000 feet AGL.
WHAT LUCK Request for results of missions or tasks. =
WHAT STATE Report amount of fuel and missiles remain=
Ammunition and oxygen are reported only when specifically requested or
critical. ( ) Active =3D number of active radar missiles remaining. ( ) Rad=
number of semiactive radar missiles remaining. ( ) Heat =3D number of IR mi=
remaining. ( ) Fuel =3D pounds of fuel or time remaining.
WINCHESTER No ordnance remaining.
WORDS Directive or interrogative regarding further
information or directives pertinent to mission.
WORKING 1. A SEAD aircraft is gathering EOB on a
designated emitter; generally followed by signal type, (SAM/ AAA/ group)
bearing, and range, if able. 2. Aircraft executing electronic identification
(EID) on a specific aircraft/ group to obtain identification necessary for
beyond visual range (BVR) employment.
YARDSTICK Directive to use A/ A TACAN for ranging.=